TOPOGRAGPHY AND DRAINAGE
The topography of the Park is gentle, ranging from 30m and 60m above sea level; several areas have no noticeable slope. The area is well drained by the Okomu River and a few of its tributaries. There are many areas where the water rises above ground level to form treeless freshwater pools and marshes, some of which dry up in the dry season.
GEOLOGY AND SOIL
The soil lies in the geophysical region known as the western coastlands characterized by sedimentary rock of the Eocene Era. Soils are of acidic sandy loams, derived from deep loose deltaic and coastal sediments, sometimes referred to as the “Benin Sand”.
Mean annual rainfall is about 2,100mm with most of it falling between February and November, and the highest in June, July and September. The driest period is December and January. The mean monthly temperature is 30.20C and Relative Humidity is about 65% during the afternoons throughout the year.
WARNING AND ADVICE
Visitors are kindly advised to observe all park rules and regulations for their personal comfort, safety and security and those of the wildlife too. The Management will like to remind visitors that it is an offence:-
- To move in the Park without a guide.
- To keep away from jeep tracks and natural trails
- To hunt or remove any plant in the Park
- To over speed and make unnecessary noise in the Park
- To contaminate the pristine areas covered by the Park
- To litter the environment in order words, don’t leave anything behind while leaving the Park except your footprints.
CULTURAL FEATURES AND FESTIVALS
One of the beauties of Okomu National Park is its rich and illuminating cultural environment. the ancient Benin kingdom dates as far back as 900 AD Okomu has been an important part of the vast and prosperous kingdom that has come to be regarded as the cradle of black civilization .The greatness and splendour of the kingdom is best expressed in its complex but stable traditional institution, culture, arts and crafts as well as technology. At Udo, the legendary town of Benin is the Odighi pond still worshipped by the people as the site where Arhuan their legendary Giant of a King is said to have miraculously disappeared into, in about 1504 AD. This is a prospective candidate for world heritage site.
There is also the Benin Moat and ancient world device which protects the kingdom from their enemies attack. This is also a prospective world heritage site.
The Oba’s Palace and the famous bronze Art centre on Igun Street, Benin City are also interesting attraction to visit. Igue and Ugie festivals mostly celebrated towards the end of every year are fascinating cultural events. This is when the subjects pay their homage to the Oba and interact with Oba and their Chiefs more closely.